Bain, an international management consulting company, recently published a research report on the China road freight market jointly with G7, an intelligent Internet of things company. The report concludes that the fleet can improve service quality through digitalized management, such as route service in fleet management, which can detect abnormal vehicle status in time, and notify the fleet to pre process to improve the safety factor of single vehicle. Through Vehicle CCTV system, it can effectively control the bad driving behavior such as overspeed and emergency brake, thus greatly reducing the probability of the occurrence of man-made accidents. In Europe and America, Mobile video surveillance system and analyzing big data by digital means is quite common. For example, vehicle monitoring devices in the UK can reduce the accident rate up to 20%.
Report data show that the overall China road freight turnover for 6 trillion and 100 billion ton kilometers, heavy truck ownership of more than 5 million vehicles, light and medium truck ownership of more than 14 million vehicles, more than 5 trillion yuan market scale, has become the world's largest highway transportation market. Compared with that, the efficiency of China's logistics industry is not high, the logistics cost accounts for 16% of the GDP, and the gap is very large compared with the level of 10% in the developed countries.
The main source of the survey is Bain's analysis of the operation data of more than 50 vehicles using G7 system. The study found that the overall pattern of Chinese logistics automotive market showed the following characteristics:
The transportation network with Beijing, Tianjin, the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and Chengdu Chongqing has been formed. Guangdong, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Hebei and other national GDP ranked provinces are also the busiest areas in transport. The manufacturing industry in these areas is relatively developed, and the consumption level is relatively high. At the same time, the road construction is also relatively perfect, which has brought a lot of transportation demand for raw materials and finished products.
The lines are busy, but the average speed is generally low. Study on the selection of the 10 lines the busiest in the country, found that the average running speed of motor in about 50-65 km / hour, compared to the developed countries, the average level of about 75-80 km / hour is still vehicle performance and vehicle gap, highway congestion, road traffic, the charge flow is the result of Chinese motor speed is lower than the overall average of key factors developed countries.
Congestion is widespread and is becoming more and more serious and has high randomness. Road congestion is one of the key factors that restrict the time and efficiency of transportation. For example, the busy line for entering and leaving Shanghai is more than 30% of traffic jam and jam. Compared with the first half of 2017 and 2016, the congestion situation is obviously increased. There are some objective reasons for the congestion in China, for example, the growth of car ownership exceeds the promotion of road carrying capacity. However, in the actual operation of the fleet, the logistics enterprises can optimize the path selection by routing dynamic planning to avoid congestion and improve the efficiency. Through the analysis of vehicle location and speed, data platform can instantly detect congestion and advance warning to fleet, and guide the convoy to choose the best route through path planning, real-time voice interaction and so on, so as to greatly improve operation efficiency. In addition, the integration of drivers' feedback on congested sections can also help the traffic management departments to analyze the causes of congestion in a timely manner and speed up the processing speed of congestion.
In addition, China has a lot of space for the installation of real-time monitoring and control equipment. In 2015, only 9% of the motorcade vehicles completed the installation of routing equipment, which was much lower than the 20% in developed countries such as Europe and the United States. The report believes that with the integration of China's large fleet, the improvement of logistics technology and the development of the team management provider, the dynamic routing planning will become more and more popular.