Shanghai Bus Meet Serious Challenge From Subway

- Jul 02, 2018-

In the context of the new round of public transportation reforms, the line adjustments are in full swing, involving buses with Ishikawa and 911 roads that have a history of several decades. Many citizens have said that these bus lines that are about to be hoisted bear many memories and are very reluctant.


How to optimize the circuit? What impact does this have on the citizens? Last week, this reporter conducted a survey.


Old passengers do not give up "longest bus line"


Petrochemical Bus Station, starting point for Ishikawa Line. In a small parking lot, more than ten buses were neatly parked. At 7:40 am on the 9th, Ishikawa Line conductors looked up at the clock on the wall and took a short haircut and began a one-day journey. The money master who worked with her was an old bus driver. Twenty years ago, he started his career on the Ishikawa Line.


According to Master Qian’s recall, the “predecessor” of the bus was a scheduled shuttle bus from the petrochemical plant. In the 1980s, it had a fascinating experience. “There were a lot of workers in the petrochemical plant at the time, plus factory subsidies and good vehicle efficiency,” he said. He sighed and continued: “With the good times, as the bus merged with Petrochemical Plant, the bus was officially changed to a bus, fewer and fewer workers were commuting, and the number of vehicles was reduced from the first two to one. optimism."


"Having opened for 20 years, the car will be gone, and I feel a bit sentimental." Master Qian said that he would have a good photo with the Ishikawa Line to express his feelings of disregard.


Due to the rain, there are not many passengers in the car. Most of them are residents working near petrochemical bus stations. Zhou Dabo, 53, is an old passenger of the Ishikawa Line. “I have been working in the petrochemical plant for 36 years and will go home every week on the Ishikawa Line.” If the route is cancelled, Zhou Dabo needs to take the Shinan Line to Nanhui. Then transfer, and inevitably have to travel seven or eight hundred meters.


Zhou Dabo smiled and said to reporters, "For so many years, I have been used to the Ishikawa line. I have already become an old friend with the two drivers." He heard that the line had to be revoked, and he said with emotion, "The revocation will be revoked, really. Reluctant."


"The Ishikawa green line cancellation plan has been publicized on the Internet and is expected to be implemented at the end of the month." The relevant person in charge of the station told the reporter that the cancellation of the special line is almost a matter of nailing. At present, the line is two buses a day, and the petrochemical bus station starts at 7:40 am. 3:30 in the afternoon. He also calculated the account for the reporter: the vehicle went for 3 and a half hours, the return trip was 3 and a half hours, a total of 7 hours, and the two shifts were 14 hours. This means that drivers and conductors need to spend 14 hours on the road, while vehicle revenues are only more than 500 pieces. If you remove the cost of fuel, labor, etc., Ishikawa Line runs at a loss.


He said frankly, “There is often a great contrast between emotion and reality. On the day when the driver received his salary, he obviously felt that the indicators could not be completed and that the performance bonus was definitely bottoming out. Next, in order to tie in with Disney’s opening, he would reconsider adding it to Chuansha. The Bus Rapid Transit at major stations is still under development."


752 road trips were long and "cold"


With the extension of subway lines, many buses have been “declining”. On the afternoon of the 9th, the reporter went to the 752 Xu Hong Road Kaixuan Road platform, although the sky was floating a light rain, there are still people in twos and threes waiting for the vehicle. “Because of work, I often take the 752 road car,” said Mr. Sun, a passenger. He is a frequent visitor to the 752 road. Every few days, he will take a bus to the Lianbao Road Station of Lianhua Road to meet with customers. He said bluntly. The reason why they are reluctant to take the subway is that because of the long distance, the second is mainly the cheap price of buses."


There are residential buildings on both sides of the road where the platform is located, and pharmacies, restaurants, and clothing stores are lined up on the side of the road. These provide potential sources of passengers for buses. However, the reporter found that there are not many old passengers like Mr. Sun. The staff of the surrounding shops said that the subway became the first choice for their travel tools. He admitted that although the road to exit is 752, passengers usually have to wait for more than half an hour and sometimes do not even come for an hour because of the sparse number of trips. In addition, the short bus lines and low selectivity are one of the reasons why he did not want to wait for public transportation. This point, the reporter confirmed from the station station sign that the interval between the 752 road trips averaged more than 30 minutes, with a total of 15 stops on the way, up the Yishan Road from Hongqiao Road to Jing'an New City, many of which were linked to the 87th and 548th roads. coincide.


In addition, the reporter saw that Xuhong Lu Kaixuan Road platform is very close to the rail transit station, only one road is separated. Passengers walk for 3 minutes, you can reach the entrance of Yishan Road subway station, through the subway line 3, 4 and 9 lines, which will undoubtedly "grab" a lot of passenger traffic off the bus.


Ms. Wang, a resident living nearby, stated that “Nobody has ever taken the 752 road. I previously thought that 752 roads could be merged with road No. 548 and this cancellation would be abolished.” She also suggested that the route should be given after the cancellation of line 548 and 87 increase the number of trips.


According to the Shanghai Traffic Commission, in fact, on December 31 last year, Bus No. 752 was changed to a peak car (operating at peak hours from Monday to Friday, stopped on Saturday and Sunday and national holiday), and a scheduled bus service was implemented. Change to 40 minutes.


The reason why the cancellation of the 752 bus is due to the low passenger flow on this route and the fact that it is roughly the same as some of the buses, resulting in the waste of vehicle resources. The Shanghai city bus line network is currently being optimized, and the cancellation of the 752 route is a general trend. The original passengers can take No. 113 to Wuzhong Road and transfer to No. 548, and can also reach Hechuan Road on the No. 9 rail line. At the same time, the bus company will concurrently increase the number of "last mile" lines to resolve the transfer of rail transit to residents of Jing'an New City and adjust 87,548 departure intervals to increase capacity.


911 Road, 790 road cancellation adjustment caused controversy


At 3:26 pm on the 9th, the reporter went to the 790 line Zhangyang Lu Fukuyama Road platform, a time when the school peak school, pick up the children's vehicles in an endless stream, there are people who choose to take the bus to pick up the children. 5 minutes later, the 790 road car arrived. After the reporter got on the train, he found that there were not many passengers in the car at the beginning. According to a rough calculation, there were only 12 passengers. “After the peak hours, the number of people in the car will increase.” The bus driver on the road said that he was close to the hospital along the line and pulled a lot of tourists to the bus. Sure enough, to the nursery Luding Road Station, crowds of people suddenly crowded into the car.


Talking about the revocation of the site along the Boshan Road, the driver showed a surprised look. He said that although the flow of people along Boshan Road was limited, he had not heard about the need to cancel 790 sites.


“I take the 790 road every day to go to work near Century Avenue,” Mr. Zhang told reporters, if the Boshan Road site is revoked, going to work will be even more inconvenient. ”


In response, the Shanghai Traffic Commission stated that this time the shrinking line is to reduce the double line coefficient and curve coefficient, and to relieve the traffic congestion pressure on Boshan Road. However, many residents do not “buy” this explanation. Resident Ms. Chen said, “Boshan Road and Boshan Road are not blocked at ordinary times, and the reason for shrinking the line is a bit far-fetched. It will be even harder for residents on the Boshan Road to travel.”


Similar to the 790 road receding situation, 911 Road, known as "Shanghai's most romantic bus," will also face adjustments, from Ruijin South Road to Shaanxi South Road, via Changshu Road to Wukang Road, as one of the few double-decker sightseeing buses. , 911 road point adjustment caused many objections. The Vanke City Garden on Seven Mile Road is the most sensitive place for the adjustment of the 911 Road. I heard that Road 911 may be removed from the Vanke City Garden. It is inconvenient for many residents to travel directly.


[Global Outlook]


The main characters of the subway bus lines need to be optimized


According to the Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission, as of September 2015, the total length of the Shanghai Rail Transit network operation line has increased to 567 kilometers, and the total number of stations is 331. In the same period, the city has a total of 1,406 public steam (electric) vehicle operating lines, including 823 regional lines. A total of 16,185 vehicles were put into operation.


With the completion of the new rail transit line, the passenger traffic flow of the ground bus has shown a downward trend, and bus passenger traffic flow of the rail transit is on the rise: in 2014, 7.3 million passengers per day of ground transportation and 7.75 million passengers per day of rail transit; this year Shanghai Metro On the peak day of the network, the passenger traffic has exceeded 10 million passengers, and the average daily passenger bus (electric) car has reached 6,972,700 passengers per day. It is not difficult to find that a large-scale traffic pattern dominated by rail transit has been formed.


“The transfer of traditional bus pressure to rail transit is a general trend. From the point of view of public transport integration, how to better exert the role of public transport is worthy of pondering and a long-term mechanism should be formed for the adjustment of bus routes.” Professor Liu Bing, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, accepted When interviewed by this reporter, he said that in light of the current traffic environment, the adjustment of bus lines should be based on passenger demand as a starting point, combined with environmental construction and service quality of the line as a reference. Relevant departments should encourage the public to participate in the development of line adjustment programs. In the issues such as route direction and departure schedules, relevant departments need to listen to public opinions in order to reduce resistance to line reforms.


From 1985 to the present, the fourth round of public transport reforms has entered the "deepwater area." Xue Meigen, vice president of the Shanghai Urban-rural Development and Transportation Development Research Institute, believes that although the public transit network is continuously optimized during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, overall, the functional layout of the public transport network is still not perfect. Shanghai has long formed a long-term Lines with dense lines and central urban areas must be optimized. The city has not yet formed a three-tier public transport network featuring backbone lines, regional lines, and barges. Deepening the reform of public transport should pay more attention to the overall efficiency of the public transport network.